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List of National Symbols of India
The Republic of India has a number of official national symbols, including a historical document, a flag, an emblem, an anthem, and a memorial tower.
The national flag was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947, just before independence.
The Importance of India’s National Symbols
The following section discusses the significance of national symbols.
1. They exemplify the country’s rich cultural fabric.
2. Instill a strong sense of national pride in Indian citizens.
3. Represent an attribute that is unique to India and its people.
4. Increase public awareness of the chosen object.
5. Contribute to the long-term preservation of the chosen national symbol.
National Symbols of India
|National Anthem||Jana Gana Mana|
|National Calendar||Saka calendar|
|National Song||Vande Mataram|
|National Emblem||National Emblem of India|
|National Animal||Royal Bengal Tiger|
|National Tree||Indian Banyan|
|National Aquatic Animal||Ganges River Dolphin|
|National Bird||Indian Peacock|
|National Currency||Indian Rupee|
|National Reptile||King Cobra|
|National Heritage Animal||Indian Elephant|
|Oath of Allegiance||National Pledge|
Detailed information on India’s National Symbols
Tiranga is the national flag.
Tiranga is India’s national flag. Pingali Venkayya designed the flag, which was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22nd July 1947.
The top saffron color represents the country’s strength and courage. With Dharma Chakra, the white middle band symbolizes peace and truth. The green color represents the land’s fertility, growth, and auspiciousness. Its design is based on the wheel found on Ashoka’s Sarnath Lion Capital abacus. It has a diameter that is approximately equal to the width of the white band and 24 spokes. On 22 July 1947, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the design for the National Flag.
India’s State Emblem
India’s national emblem is derived from Ashoka’s Lion Capital at Sarnath. Satyameva Jayate is its motto (“Truth Alone Triumphs”). It depicts four Asiatic lions facing each other on an abacus with a frieze containing high relief sculptures of an elephant, a galloping horse, a bull, and a lion separated by intervening wheels over a bell-shaped lotus. The National Emblem represents strength, courage, and confidence, and features a horse and a bull at the bottom, as well as a beautiful wheel Dharma chakra in the center.
Saka Calendar is the national calendar.
The Calendar Committee introduced the Saka Calendar in 1957. The Saka Calendar was introduced officially on 1 Chaitra 1879 Saka Era, or 22 March 1957.
Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem.
India’s National Anthem Jana-Gana-mana, originally composed in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted as India’s National Anthem on 24 January 1950 in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly. It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Indian National Congress’s then-Calcutta Session.
The song is composed of five stanzas. The first stanza contains the entire National Anthem in its entirety.
Vande Matram is the national anthem.
Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji, is India’s national song. On January 24, 1950, President Dr. Rajendra Prasad declared in the Constituent Assembly that “the song Vande Mataram, which has played a significant role in the struggle for Indian independence, shall be honored equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it.”
Vande Matram was first sung on a political occasion during the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. The song was included in Bankimchandra’s most celebrated novel, Anand Math (1882).
Indian Rupee is the national currency.
The Indian rupee (ISO code: INR) is the Republic of India’s official currency. The Reserve Bank of India is in charge of currency issuance. The Indian rupee symbol is derived from the Devanagari consonant “” (ra), and was replaced in 2010 by the Latin letter “R.” Udaya Kumar Dharmalingam designed it. The INR is emblazoned with an equality symbol, indicating the country’s desire to reduce economic disparity. The INR’s design was chosen from a shortlist of five contenders. The design, according to Udaya Kumar, is based on the Indian tricolor.
Bengal Tiger is the national animal.
The Royal Bengal Tiger is India’s national animal and is one of the world’s largest cats. It was designated as India’s national animal in April 1973 due to the dwindling tiger population. Prior to the tiger, the Lion was India’s national animal.
Peacock is the national bird.
India’s national bird is the Indian peacock (Pavo cristatus). The peacock, a subcontinental bird, symbolizes the harmony of vibrant colors and has a place in Indian culture. On February 1, 1963, the Indian government designated the peacock as the country’s national bird. It is a resident breeder across the Indian subcontinent, occurring in drier lowland areas.
Dolphin is the National Aquatic Animal.
The Indian government has designated the Ganges river dolphin as the country’s National Aquatic Animal. Additionally, it is the city animal of Guwahati. South Asian river dolphins are found primarily in the Ganges, Yamuna, Chambal, and Brahmaputra rivers, as well as their tributaries.
Mango is the national fruit.
The mango (Mangifera indica), affectionately known as the King of Fruits, is India’s national fruit. Since time immemorial, its sweet fragrance and delectable flavors have won the hearts of many people worldwide. As India’s national fruit, it embodies prosperity, abundance, and wealth in service of the country’s image.
Lotus is the national flower.
Lotus is India’s national flower (Nelumbo nucifera). It is an aquatic herb that is frequently referred to as ‘Padma’ in Sanskrit and is revered in Indian culture. The Lotus represents spirituality, fertility, wealth, knowledge, and illumination, as well as heart and mind purity.
Banyan Tree is the national tree.
The Banyan tree, formally known as Ficus benghalensis, is India’s national tree. The tree is frequently used as a symbol for the fabled ‘Kalpa Vriksha’ or ‘Tree of Wish Fulfillment’ due to its association with longevity and medicinal properties. The banyan tree’s size and longevity make it an ideal habitat for a variety of creatures.
Ganga is the national river.
The Ganges or Ganga is India’s national river. It originates as the Bhagirathi River in the Himalayan snowfields of the Gangotri Glacier. According to Hindus, this is the world’s most sacred river. Notably, the Ganga is also India’s longest river, spanning 2,510 kilometers of mountains, plains, and valleys. It passes through the major Indian cities of Varanasi, Allahabad, and Haridwar.
King Cobra is the national reptile.
The King Cobra or Snake Eater (Ophiophagus hannah) is India’s National Reptile and is found in India and Southeast Asia’s forests. It is the world’s longest venomous snake, growing up to 19 feet in length and living up to 25 years. They are capable of injecting six milliliters of venom in a single bite. It carries its own cultural significance; in Hinduism, king cobras are referred to as Nagas, and are revered as divine creatures. Lord Shiva is frequently depicted wearing a cobra around his neck.
Indian Elephant is a National Heritage Animal.
The Indian Elephant, which is indigenous to mainland Asia, has been designated as the country’s National Heritage Animal. The Indian elephant is threatened with extinction due to habitat loss, fragmentation, and degradation.
National Pledge of Allegiance: Oath of Allegiance
The National Pledge is a pledge of allegiance to the Indian Republic. It is frequently recited in unison by Indians at public events, particularly in schools, as well as during Independence and Republic Day celebrations. The pledge was first written in 1962 in Telugu by writer Pydimarri Venkata Subba Rao. It was first read aloud in a Visakhapatnam school in 1963 and has since been translated into a variety of regional languages.
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|Post Updated Date||June 14, 2021|
|Category||Education & Jobs|
|No of Pages||1|
|Size of File||0.20 MB|
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