African National Congress Foundation Day was created on 8 January 1912 to unite and protect all Africans’ rights and freedoms. Learn how African National Congress was created.
On 8 January 1912, the African National Congress (ANC) was founded. Its main purpose was to unify Africans and defend their rights.
South Africa’s African National Congress has been in power since April 1994.
African National Congress Foundation Day was formed how?
This event marked the end of centuries of exploitation and humiliation in Africa.
On 8 January 1912 in Bloemfontein, the SANNC was created. It aimed to defend the rights of black South Africans and all Africans as one people. To give complete voting rights to black and mixed-race South Africans. To end apartheid, which the National Party instituted after their 1948 election win.
It’s reported that the ANC was created when diamonds and gold were unearthed in South Africa in 1867 and 1886. At the time, Mines executives desired lots of miners. In contrast, rules and taxes forced individuals to leave their land. The worst was the 1913 Land Act. It barred Africans from buying, renting, or utilizing land outside reserves.
SANNC led a campaign against passes, which black South Africans had to have by 1919. It dominated in the 1920s.
In 1919, the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union (ICU) was the most active and popular union in rural and urban areas. This militant union scored some big successes, but in the late 1920s it disintegrated.
In the 1920s, socialists organized black laborers. The International Socialist League and other groups created the Communist Party in 1921.
South Africa’s first non-racial political party was the Communist Party. The 1920s saw harsher, more discriminatory government practices. The outcome was a color war to prevent blacks from having semi-skilled occupations. Blacks were given poor salaries for unskilled work.
SANNC became the African National Congress in 1923 and backed a 1929 miner’s strike. The early phase of organization was marked by political stagnation due to power disputes and lack of resources; escalating repression and white minority control galvanized the party.
Due to Apartheid’s hostility to Black dissent and harsh crackdown on political activists, the ANC and SACP formed uMkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation/ MK) in 1961.
With MK, ANC launched military struggle and gained support from African and Soviet countries. Growing internal unrest, international pressure, and the fall of the Soviet Union led the apartheid administration to negotiate with the ANC. Apartheid fell and democratic governance began in 1994.
Mandela was elected ANC president in 1991. Oliver Tambo was elected chairman. from 1969 till 1991 Tambo died in April 1993 after a lifetime in the ANC.
ANC’s first one-person-one-vote elections were in April 1994. The ANC won the first election easily. 10 May 1994 was Nelson Mandela’s inauguration as South African president.